Viola

Common name: Heartease

This hardy perennial is often grown as an annual and is not to be confused with its big brother the hybrid garden pansy V x wittrockiana.

This smaller variety is generally classified as either V x cornuta or V x tricolour (Heartsease)

The flower size across the genus can vary from about 20mm (¾”) which is generally accepted as a Viola to the many hybrids Pansies which can measure 100mm (4”) across.

The viola grows to around 150mm (6") high with a spread of approximately 300mm (12"), and flowers from May to September.

Deadhead the flowers as they fade to maintain a succession of blooms.

Cultivation

Week 13: Sow seed in trays of seed compost and germinate at a temperature of 16°C (60°F).

Germination should take about seven to ten days.

Week 17: Prick out seedlings into 75mm (3") pots/cell trays of potting compost.

Gradually harden off till planting out time.

Week 20: Plant out 200mm (8") apart in any fertile, moist, well drained soil, in sun or partial shade.

Week 30: Alternative sowings can be made now.

Sow seed in trays of seed compost and germinate in a cold frame.

Prick out the seedlings into 75mm (3") pots of potting compost over-winter the young plants in the cold frame.

Plant out in the flowering sites in March or April.

Week 32: Take 50mm (2") cuttings of non flowering basal shoots and insert into trays/pots of equal parts (by volume) peat and sharp sand, and place in a cold frame to root.

Once rooted, pot up individual plants into 75mm (3") pots of potting compost, and grow on until planting out time.





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