Studies have shown that trees establish more quickly and develop stronger trunk and root systems if they are not staked at the time of planting.
In cases where the tree/s are subject to exposed conditions, mechanical damage or vandalism it would be a wise move to fix them to support stakes.
In most cases stakes and ties can be removed after the first year of growth.
Bush and pyramid trained trees usually require a single stake driven in so that the top is just under the head of branches.
Two cushion ties are ideal for holding the stem secure.
On very exposed sites, even dwarf tree forms, may require staking to prevent wind rock damage to roots.
A good method is to drive the stake at an angle so that it points into the wind.
Young fan, cordon and espalier plants should be supported by canes tied to horizontal wires that are kept taut by means of straining bolts.
Secure shoots to canes by means of proprietary plastic twist ties.
Half and full standard plum and other trees that produce large heads may require extra support.
Drive in two stakes, one on either side of the tree and secure the stem to a crossbar fixed to the two posts, or just fix two cushion ties.