The deciduous types tend to be grown as shrubs whereas the evergreens are generally better suited as ground cover.
They can grow to around 1 metre (39") high with a 1.5m spread (5ft).
Prostrate varieties will grow to similar proportions.
Both types have tiny, rounded, glossy leaves and white or pink flowers which generally appear in early summer, followed by red berries in autumn.
These berries can cause stomach upset if eaten.
Week 10: Pruning is not normally required but if any plants require tidying up or trimming back to an allotted space do at
anytime over the next two or three weeks.
Week 30: If more stock is required collect berries as soon as they are ripe.
Remove seed from the inside of the berry/s and sow in trays/pots of seed compost, and place containers in a cold frame to germinate.
Germination can take twelve to eighteen months.
Prick seedlings out into individual 70mm (3") pots of potting compost when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on in the cold frame or a sheltered spot in the garden for another couple of years.
Week 34: Take heel cuttings of ripe lateral shoots and place them in a 50-50 mixture of peat and sand and place in a coldframe to root.
Once rooted grow them on in individual 70mm (3") pots of potting compost and grow them on in the cold frame or a sheltered spot in the garden for another couple of years.
Week 38: Plant out any time from now until early spring if conditions allow.
Plant them in well-drained soil in full sun, in an area that is protected from cold, drying winds.
Week 42: Layer suitable shoots.
These may take up to twelve months to root, at which time, sever them from the parent plant, and pot them up into individual 70mm (3") pots of potting compost.
Grow them on in the cold frame or a sheltered spot in the garden for another couple of years.
If plants are being grown as ground cover, you may find that some shoots have self-layered them selves, so at the appropriate time sever them from the parent plant and grow on as described above.
Pests and Diseases
They sometimes suffer from attacks; Scale insects ,Woolly aphid , Aphids , Brown scale , and Cotoneaster webber moths.
The foliage may suffer with Fireblight.