Common name: Cone flower
There are only two species that are grown in the UK and they are;
Is an annual that grows to around 600mm high producing 50mm diameter bi-coloured flowers with a black central cone from July to August.
Is s a bushy perennial, that grows from 600- 900mm high, and spread to around 500mm (18")
The 60mm diameter yellow to orange flowers with a brown/purple central cone, are produced from July to September.
Sow seeds of both species in pots/trays of seed compost and germinate at a temperature of 18°C (68°F).
Germination should take about 5-7 days.
Perennials are treated the same as annuals but grown on until planting out time (Week 40)
Prick out the seedlings, when large enough to handle, grow on in a cold frame until planting out time.
Plant out 200-300mm (8"-12") apart in well drained garden soil with a sunny or partially shaded aspect.
Prior to planting out, dig in copious amounts of well rotted manure.
Dead head flowers regularly to encourage further flowering,
Cut the stems of perennial varieties down to ground level.
Plants can be divided and replanted now or in spring when new growth commences.