Propagating Hardwood Cuttings


Hardwood cuttings are a means of increasing stock of many hardy shrubs and trees.

Cuttings are generally taken between Oct-March when the plant is dormant, the earlier the better i.e. after leaf fall in the case of deciduous types, and before the first frosts for all types.

Use disease free cutting material, sharp secateurs or knife, and clean pots.


The sloping cut stops water sitting on the top of the cutting, and also ensures that when planting, they are planted the correct way up.

The bottom cut will callus over during the winter and roots will emerge from it in spring.

Some species need warmth for a callus to form, these species should be rooted in the warmth of a greenhouse.

1) Selected Cutting
2) Defoliated and Trimmed
3) Ready for rooting

The cuttings can generally be forgotten about until the following year as it can take up to 12 months for them to root.


Periodically check the trench for any movement of the cutting/s that may have been caused by frost and or wind, and firm in if required.

Ensure the trench / pots do not dry out.

If it becomes apparent that some cuttings have rotted away remove them to reduce the chance of disease spreading to viable cuttings.

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